How To Install Python 3.6 on Linux Using Terminal Interface
In this article, I am going to explain how to install Python 3.6 on Linux using the terminal interface. But, before we proceed first let’s see what is Python and what is the use of Python. Python is an interpreted, object-oriented, high-level programming language with dynamic semantics. Its high-level built in data structures, combined with dynamic typing and dynamic binding, makes it very attractive for Rapid Application Development, as well as for use as a scripting or glue language to connect existing components together. Python is simple and easy to learn syntax emphasizes readability and therefore reduces the cost of program maintenance. Python supports modules and packages, which encourages program modularity and code reuse.
The Python interpreter and the extensive standard library are available in source or binary form without charge for all major platforms and can be freely distributed.
To install Python 3.6 on Linux
- Check to see if Python is already installed on your system:
$ python --version
If Python is not installed, install Python with your distribution’s package manager. The command and package name vary:
- On Debian derivatives such as Ubuntu, use
$ sudo apt-get install python3
- On Red Hat and derivatives, use
$ sudo yum install python
- On SUSE and derivatives, use
$ sudo zypper install python3
Install python 3.6 on Linux (Ubuntu 18.04)
Before we proceed first let’s update old repositories to its current version.
Open the Terminal and execute the command “sudo apt-get update”
mangesh@itsmarttricks:~$ sudo apt-get update *// Starting repositories update //* [sudo] password for umesh: Get:1 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-security InRelease [117 kB] Hit:2 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial InRelease Get:3 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates InRelease [108 kB] Get:4 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-backports InRelease [116 kB] Fetched 341 kB in 4s (152 kB/s) Reading package lists... Done *// Updating repositories finished //*
To Install Python 3.6 On Linux Download The Package
If you have not download Python yet then download the latest version of Python 3.6.5 package, Click here to download the Package.
Once download gets complete follow the steps to proceed further. You can verify this using terminal or graphical way.
mangesh@itsmarttricks:~$ cd Downloads/ mangesh@itsmarttricks:~/Downloads$ ls Python-3.6.5.tar.xz *// Downloaded Python 3.6.5 package name //*
Installing Python 3.6.5 package
To proceed with installation first we have to extract the downloaded package by executing the following command on the terminal window.
mangesh@itsmarttricks:~/Downloads$ tar -xvf Python-3.6.5.tar.xz *// Extracting the downloaded package //* Output:
mangesh@itsmarttricks:~/Downloads$ ls Python-3.6.5 Python-3.6.5.tar.xz *// File successfully extracted //*
As you can see in above package is extracted successfully. Let’s move on script configuration
Configuring Python 3.6.5 Script
Open the Python-3.6.5 directory (extracted file) and use “configure” command to configure it.
mangesh@itsmarttricks:~/Downloads$ cd Python-3.6.5/ mangesh@itsmarttricks:~/Downloads/Python-3.6.5$ ls aclocal.m4 Doc LICENSE Objects pyconfig.h.in config.guess Grammar Mac Parser Python config.sub Include Makefile.pre.in PC README configure install-sh Misc PCbuild setup.py configure.ac Lib Modules Programs Tools mangesh@itsmarttricks:~/Downloads/Python-3.6.5$ ./configure
Now you have successfully completed the script configuration.
Completing Python 3.6.5 Installation
To complete the installation process we will use the following commands:
- sudo make
- sudo make install
mangesh@itsmarttricks:~/Downloads/Python-3.6.5$ sudo make
mangesh@itsmarttricks:~/Downloads/Python-3.6.5$ sudo make install *// Final command //*
We have successfully installed the Python 3.6.5 package on Ubuntu 17.10. Open a command prompt or shell and run the following command to verify that Python installed correctly:
$ python3 --version Python 3.6.5
This is how we can install python 3.6 on Linux. If you found this tutorial helpful then Like and Share. If you got something else then feel free to comment.