How to Configure xRDP Remote Desktop Server In Rhel/Centos 7
In this article we are going to learn how to configure xRDP Remote Desktop Server in Linux Systems, Before that let me explain to you what is XRDP. XRDP Remote Desktop Server is nothing but a service or a daemon which allows user to take remote of Linux Operating System from RDP (Remote Desktop Protocol) clients. As we all know that RDP stands for Remote Desktop Protocol comes with Microsoft Windows Operating Systems. With the help of XRDP, we can able to take remote of Linux Operating Systems graphically from Windows Systems. XRDP is used x11rdp at the backend to manage X Sessions. XRDP is an open-source application that was invented in the year 2005 which is a nice replacement for a desktop. There is also a nice alternative to XRDP is VNC but XRDP Remote Desktop Server is more reliable when we are talking about taking remote from MS Windows Systems. XRDP uses RSA Public Key and Private key encryption to transfer data over the network so there is no risk of security as far as you are using this on a Local Network but I would suggest you not to use it over the Internet. The main configuration file of XRDP is /etc/xrdp/xrdp.ini. For more Information and Documentation on XRDP go to Click Here!
So here I explained to you a simple configuration step to Configure XRDP Remote Desktop Server in RHEL/CentOS/Fedora.
Follow the Below Steps to Configure xRDP Remote Desktop Server :
Step: 1 Install Required Packages
Before we start the configuration of the XRDP Remote Desktop Server we need to install all required packages and dependencies of XRDP.
Packages Required :
So Let’s go ahead and install our first package i.e. epel-release by using below command.
[[email protected] ~]# yum -y install epel-release # Install epel-release Package Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, refresh-packagekit, security Setting up Install Process Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * base: centos.mirror.net.in * extras: mirror.tadu.vn * updates: centos.mirror.net.in Resolving Dependencies --> Running transaction check ---> Package epel-release.noarch 0:6-8 will be installed --> Finished Dependency Resolution Dependencies Resolved ================================================================================ Package Arch Version Repository Size ================================================================================ Installing: epel-release noarch 6-8 extras 14 k Transaction Summary ================================================================================ Install 1 Package(s) Total download size: 14 k Installed size: 22 k Downloading Packages: epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm | 14 kB 00:00 Running rpm_check_debug Running Transaction Test Transaction Test Succeeded Running Transaction Installing : epel-release-6-8.noarch 1/1 Verifying : epel-release-6-8.noarch 1/1 Installed: epel-release.noarch 0:6-8 Complete!
Now install remaining packages i.e. xrdp, tigervnc-server by using the below command.
[[email protected] ~]# yum -y install xrdp tigervnc-server # Install xrdp Package Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, refresh-packagekit, security Setting up Install Process Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * base: centos.mirror.net.in * epel: ftp.jaist.ac.jp * extras: mirror.tadu.vn * updates: centos.mirror.net.in Resolving Dependencies --> Running transaction check ---> Package tigervnc-server.x86_64 0:1.1.0-18.el6 will be installed --> Processing Dependency: xorg-x11-fonts-misc for package: tigervnc-server-1.1.0-18.el6.x86_64 ---> Package xrdp.x86_64 0:0.6.1-4.el6 will be installed --> Running transaction check ---> Package xorg-x11-fonts-misc.noarch 0:7.2-11.el6 will be installed --> Finished Dependency Resolution Dependencies Resolved ================================================================================ Package Arch Version Repository Size ================================================================================ Installing: tigervnc-server x86_64 1.1.0-18.el6 base 1.0 M xrdp x86_64 0.6.1-4.el6 epel 244 k Installing for dependencies: xorg-x11-fonts-misc noarch 7.2-11.el6 base 5.8 M Transaction Summary ================================================================================ Install 3 Package(s) Total download size: 7.1 M Installed size: 11 M Downloading Packages: (1/3): tigervnc-server-1.1.0-18.el6.x86_64.rpm | 1.0 MB 00:01 (2/3): xorg-x11-fonts-misc-7.2-11.el6.noarch.rpm | 5.8 MB 00:10 (3/3): xrdp-0.6.1-4.el6.x86_64.rpm | 244 kB 00:01 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total 514 kB/s | 7.1 MB 00:14 warning: rpmts_HdrFromFdno: Header V3 RSA/SHA256 Signature, key ID 0608b895: NOKEY Retrieving key from file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-6 Importing GPG key 0x0608B895: Userid : EPEL (6) <[email protected]> Package: epel-release-6-8.noarch (@extras) From : /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-6 Running rpm_check_debug Running Transaction Test Transaction Test Succeeded Running Transaction Installing : xorg-x11-fonts-misc-7.2-11.el6.noarch 1/3 Installing : tigervnc-server-1.1.0-18.el6.x86_64 2/3 Installing : xrdp-0.6.1-4.el6.x86_64 3/3 Verifying : xrdp-0.6.1-4.el6.x86_64 1/3 Verifying : tigervnc-server-1.1.0-18.el6.x86_64 2/3 Verifying : xorg-x11-fonts-misc-7.2-11.el6.noarch 3/3 Installed: tigervnc-server.x86_64 0:1.1.0-18.el6 xrdp.x86_64 0:0.6.1-4.el6 Dependency Installed: xorg-x11-fonts-misc.noarch 0:7.2-11.el6 Complete!
Step: 2 Configure Main configuration File of xRDP Remote Desktop Server (xrdp.ini)
We have installed all required packages, Now let’s have a look at the configuration part. The main configuration file of xrdp Remote Desktop Server is xrdp.ini which is located at /etc/xrdp/xrdp.ini.
Here I am using the default configuration of the xrdp.ini file but you can modify or configure it differently as per your scenario or need.
[[email protected] ~]# nano /etc/xrdp/xrdp.ini #grey=d6d3ce #dark_grey=808080 #blue=08246b #dark_blue=08246b #white=ffffff #red=ff0000 #green=00ff00 #background=626c72 [xrdp1] name=Local User Authentication # This name will show during Authentication lib=libvnc.so username=ask # "ask" means XRDP will ask for Username during Authentication password=ask # XRDP will ask for Password during Authentication ip=127.0.0.1 port=-1 # "-1" Looks for Free Port to Connect
Step : 3 Start xrdp Service
Start the xrdp service.
[[email protected] ~]# /etc/init.d/xrdp start # Start xrdp Service Starting xrdp: [ OK ] Starting xrdp-sesman: [ OK ]
Now start the xrdp service at startup.
[[email protected] ~]# chkconfig --level 35 xrdp on # Start xrdp Service on startup [[email protected] ~]# chkconfig --list xrdp xrdp 0:off 1:off 2:off 3:on 4:off 5:on 6:off
Step: 4 Stop Iptables Service
Stop the Linux Firewall Service i.e iptables.
[[email protected] ~]# /etc/init.d/iptables stop # Stop the Firewall iptables: Setting chains to policy ACCEPT: filter [ OK ] iptables: Flushing firewall rules: [ OK ] iptables: Unloading modules: [ OK ]
Step : 5 Testing from Client-Side
We have done with our configuration part from Server Side, Let’s check from the client-side to confirm if XRDP Remote Desktop Server is working properly or not.
For that just go and log in to any Microsoft Windows Operating System (eg : Windows XP, Windows 7, Windows 10) and open the Remote Desktop Connection Client by following below steps: START -> All Program -> Accessories -> Remote Desktop Connection OR Just go to Start->Run and type mstsc. then you will able to see a window like as shown on the snapshot below.
Then enter the IP Address of XRDP Remote Desktop Server on Computer Text Box and click on connect as shown on the snapshot below.
Connecting to XRDP Server.
Then click on Yes.
As we can see below we have connected to XRDP Server and now it’s asking for Username & Password, Here just enter the local Username and Password of the Linux System.
For eg: I have a Username i.e. itsmarttricks
[[email protected] ~]# cat /etc/passwd | grep -i itsmarttricks itsmarttricks:x:500:500:itsmarttricks:/home/itsmarttricks:/bin/bash
Follow the Snapshot below for your Reference.
We have successfully connected to XRDP Remote Desktop Server and able to take Remote of our Linux System. Refer the snapshot below.
That’s all, In this article, we have explained the how-to Configure xRDP Remote Desktop Server In Rhel/Centos 7 ( Centos RDP and RedHat Remote Desktop). I hope you enjoy this article. If you like this article, then just share it. If you have any questions about this article, please comment.